Miracle Herbal Cures from the Rain Forest: Purple Lapacho -- Anti-Cancer or Rain Forest Mirage?
Is It Hype, or Is It Real? Essay Assignment
Susan Smith Nash, Ph.D.
Does the bark of the Lapacho tree (pau d'arco) cure cancer? Is this product the Amazon rain forest's natural Viagra? The lapacho tree, which is native to Paraguay, Brazil, and northern Argentina, is known for its gorgeous flowers. The descendants of the Guaranis, the indigenous peoples of the Alto Parana area, claim the inner bark has curative powers. Recently, lapacho bark has been tested as a cure for cancer, as well as a "vitality enhancing" elixir and potent aphrodisiac.This assignment gives you an opportunity to examine the arguments of writers, their use of logic, and the nature of the "evidence" they are using to support their claims. It also gives you a chance to look at two sides of the story, and to examine evidence through lenses colored by presuppositions, assumptions, beliefs, and values.
Can you think of highly touted product that has been promoted as a miracle cure? Do you believe all the claims? Some of the claims? Why? Why not?
Here is an example that will help you hone your critical thinking skills and your ability to evaluate information and sources. You may write your paper on the bark of the lapacho tree, or on any other item that has been hyped. (Vioxx? Certain diets? Vitamin E? Rock and crystal healing? Stem cells for curing Parkinson's?)
Whether lapacho contains active ingredients capable of bringing about the health benefits is a critical question, and a portal to a deeper issue. Do herbal remedies work? Are there "secrets of the shamans" that could be used for the good of humanity? If so, what are they? How do we test them? Some believe herbal remedies are more effective than conventional medicines, and are more affordable and accessible. Others believe that it herbal remedies are nothing more than snake oil. At best, they're not harmful. At worst, they could actually destroy one's health.
The Vivid Vision (Paragraph 1): A scene that depicts an array of herbal medicines (perhaps a scene from a health food store), perhaps an individual taking an herbal remedy.
Background and Definitions (Paragraph 2): What is the lapacho tree? Where is it found? Why is it considered medicinal? What part? Who used it? When? Why? The key is to brainstorm with appropriate questions, to help bring into focus the topic.
Who says so? Why? (Paragraph 3): This is a series of questions that are made to test the assumptions, beliefs, prejudices, and possible motives of the individuals who are saying things about the product.
What have people experienced? Testimonials. (Paragraphs 4 and 5). Are testimonials believable? Are they always legitimate? Find two or more and analyze them. Look for flaws in their arguments, or incomplete information.
What do you think? (Paragraph 6). Would you give lapacho bark a try? When? Where? Why? What do you think? What did you base your decision on? Please provide examples or personal testimonials.
Conclusion (Paragraph 7). Not completely necessary, if it has been covered earlier.
Views of Lapacho.
Useful Web Resources
Rain Forest Information: http://www.rain-tree.com/
Clinical Trials for Lapacho (Pau d'Arco) http://www.rain-tree.com/clinic/clinicp.htm#PAU
Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center: Lapacho http://www.mskcc.org/mskcc/html/11571.cfm?recordid=399
Purple Lapacho: Ancient Herb, Modern Miracle? http://www.oralchelation.com/taheebo/lapacho1.htm
Drug Digest: Lapacho. http://www.drugdigest.org/DD/DVH/HerbsWho/0,3923,552793%7CLapacho,00.html
What Is Lapacho Used For Today? http://www.womenandinfants.com/body.cfm?id=388&chunkiid=21797
Pau d'arco http://www.genhealth.com/pau_darco.htm
About Lapacho http://www.cantron.com/html/nutraceuticals/lapacho.html
Questions About Herbal Remedies
Quackwatch: Your Guide to Quackery, Health Fraud, and Intelligent Decisions. http://www.quackwatch.org/
Lies and Deceipt in Alternative Medicine: http://www.valleyskeptic.com/altmed.htm
For that Health Glow, Drink Radiation! Popular Science. http://www.popsci.com/popsci/science/bbdb0b4511b84010vgnvcm1000004eecbccdrcrd.html
Heavy Metals in Ayurvedic Herbal Medicines. ScienceWeek. http://scienceweek.com/2005/sc050204-6.htm
Snake Oil -- The Wikipedia Entry. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snake_oil